IBX5980432E7F390 6 Facts About The Cervical Cancer Vaccine All Women Need to Know - Youtube 4 Design

6 Facts About The Cervical Cancer Vaccine All Women Need to Know




Cervical cancer is one of the second type of cancer that attacks women. Most cervical cancers are caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Therefore, HPV vaccination or often referred to as cervical cancer vaccine, is one of the best ways to prevent cervical cancer.
What is a cervical cancer vaccine?

What is often referred to as cervical cancer vaccine is actually HPV vaccine . Various types of HPV virus spread through sexual contact, but even people who have never had sex can still be exposed to HPV. Most cases of cervical cancer are associated with this virus.

Under the approval of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), there are three types of HPV vaccine: Cervarix, Gardasil, and Gardasil 9. Cervarix is ​​only for girls only, while Gardasil and Gardasil 9 can be used for girls and boys. Gardasil 9 provides protection for girls against more types of HPV that can cause cervical cancer.

All three vaccines can prevent most cases of cervical cancer if given before a woman is exposed to the virus. In addition, the three vaccines can prevent cancer of the vagina and vulva in women, and Gardasil and Gardasil 9 can prevent genital warts and anal cancer in women and men.

Providing a cervical cancer vaccine to boys can actually help protect and reduce transmission to girls. Several types of HPV have also been linked to cancers in the mouth and throat. So this vaccine may also protect you from cancer of the mouth and throat.
Who should get cervical cancer vaccine, and when should be given?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , HPV vaccine is given routinely for girls and boys aged 11 or 12, although some organizations recommend starting vaccines from age 9 or 10.

It is ideal for girls and boys to receive vaccines before they have sexual contact and are exposed to HPV. Because once you get infected with a virus, the vaccine will not work effectively, or it may not work at all.

Research has shown that getting a vaccine at a young age does not make a person become sexually active earlier. In addition, the response to the vaccine is better in younger people than in older age.

In October 2016, the CDC updated the HPV vaccine schedule by suggesting that all adolescents aged 9 to 14 receive two doses of HPV vaccine at least every six months. Teens who are just starting vaccines when they are 15 to 26 years old are advised to receive three doses of vaccine.
Who should not get HPV vaccine?

This HPV vaccine is not recommended for pregnant women or people who are seriously ill. Tell your doctor if you have severe allergies. If you also have a life-threatening allergic reaction to a vaccine content or vaccine component or previous dose of vaccine, you should not be allowed to receive this vaccine.
Does HPV vaccine have side effects?

The most common side effects of HPV vaccine include pain, swelling or redness at the injection site. Sometimes dizziness or fainting occurs after vaccination.

Sitting for 15 minutes can reduce the risk of fainting after vaccination. In addition, headache, nausea, vomiting, feeling tired and weak can also occur after the vaccine is done.
Do women who have cervical cancer vaccine still need to do a Pap smear test?

The HPV vaccine can not replace the Pap smear test . Regular examination of cervical cancer through a Pap smear test is an important part of a woman's health care.

A Pap smear test is a test that can examine the state of cells in the cervix (cervix) and vagina. With regular checkups, doctors can immediately detect if any cell changes that might develop into cancer. Pap tests should start from the age of 21 years.
I've had sex but never had an HPV vaccine. How do I prevent cervical cancer?

No matter how old you are, whether you have had sexual intercourse or not, you should get HPV vaccine. Maybe you have not been infected with HPV from previous sexual intercourse. For that, the HPV vaccine will protect you for further intercourse.

HPV spreads through sexual, oral, vaginal, or anal contact. To protect yourself from HPV, use a condom every time you have sex. Also, do not smoke. Smoking increases the risk of cervical cancer.

To detect cervical cancer at an early stage, do a medical checkup with a routine Pap smear test that begins at age 21. Call your doctor immediately if you notice signs or symptoms of cervical cancer such as vaginal bleeding after sex, while not menstruating, or after menopause, or if you feel pain during sex.

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